The residents do not vote in UK elections (unless they are resident in the UK at the time). As Germans marched into Paris on June 14, 1940, the British war cabinet debated demilitarising the Channel Islands, believing Britain did not have the military might to defend an area of no strategic value. It is because of this link to the crown and associated history that the Channel Islands are part of the British Isles (bizarely) but NOT part of the United Kingdom. Prev . Why didn't Japan invade British and Dutch Pacific territories earlier? Hitler turned the Channel Islands were the most heavily defended portion of the Atlantic Wall, but was not part of it and thus did not add to the defensive strength of the Wall. Why did they have little strategic importance? WITHIN The Channel Islands lay in the English Channel about 161km from England and 22km from Normandy. betgo. 8 reasons why the Luftwaffe didn’t stand a chance of beating the RAF in the Battle of Britain Interactive exhibits, interspersed with wartime footage, sound effects and displays of household objects, walk you through the British government's decision not to defend the Channel Islands, privations suffered by locals, the slave labour used to build these tunnels, the deportations of British-born families to Germany, and Jersey's subsequent liberation. Overall I do analyse Jersey and Guernsey as a case of submission on the grounds of superior force . On June 26 German planes swooped low over the islands, then the first German bombs fell. They were part of the inheritance of William the Bastard, Duke of Normandy, who became King of England after defeating King Harold and his Saxon Army. The Channel Islands are not part of the United Kingdom, nor the European Union – they are Crown Dependencies. Occupying Germans imposed an 11pm curfew, outlawed crystal radio sets, and ordered traffic onto the opposite side of the road, until petrol shortages reduced travel to bicycles and horse-drawn vehicles. The island leaders and … IN June 1940 Britain’s war cabinet voted to leave the Channel Islands to fend for themselves during a German invasion. Why aren't the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands (Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, etc.) On July 16, 1940, Hitler issued a directive ordering the preparation and, if necessary, the execution of a plan for the invasion of Great Britain. All rights reserved. When Jeannie Lockett’s husband seduced their maid, she left him and embarked on a career that would see her hailed as one of Sydney’s outstanding pioneer teachers. On Sunday, June 30, leaflets dropped, demanding surrender of Jersey authorities, with the display of white crosses and white flags on buildings. Join the conversation, you are commenting as. 1; 2; 3; First Prev 3 of 3 Go to page. Chart the story of the Channel Islands during WW2. Military History. The Channel Islands lay in the English Channel about 161km from England and 22km from Normandy. Hitler imported thousands of slave workers from Russia, Spain, France, Poland and Algeria to build bunkers, antitank walls, railway systems and tunnels across Jersey. Of course; Nazi propaganda at the time was trying to demonstrate to the rest of the British Isles that surrender would not be too bad an option and that life under the Germans could be tolerable. Woolworth opened a store in the Jersey capital of St Helier on 9 April 1921, followed by another in … When Britain and Russia took control of Iran in 1941, interring German citizens, an infuriated Adolf Hitler demanded deportation of 10 British citizens from the islands for every German interned. It is because of this link to the crown and associated history that the Channel Islands are part of the British Isles (bizarely) but NOT part of the United Kingdom. "Channel Islands" is a geographical term, not a political unit. On June 19 island administrators were instructed to demilitarise: all arms, uniforms and equipment used by the militia and defence volunteers were to be deposited at the town arsenal, and private firearms handed to police. log in. The Channel Islands - comprising Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and Herm - were the only part of Britain ever to fall under Nazi rule after Winston Churchill thought them impossible to defend. Don't have an account? With British air and land forces outnumbered by their German counterparts, and U.S. aid not yet begun, it seemed certain that Britain would soon follow the fate of France. How come Burma ended up being poor but Canada didn't even though they were both British colonies? Jul 2011 7,451. World War II: British Channel Islands--German Occupation (July 1940-May 1945) Figure 1.--: Two boys in German occupied Guernsey, grinning at the German photographer who took the picture. Everyone was in a tough situation. LONDON — When the Germans invaded the Channel Islands in June 1940, at least one resident was determined to show that she would not be intimidated. Although up to 23,000 people registered to flee, only 1000 children left, often with parents, along with 67 teachers; about 4500 children remained. Richard ‘China’ Jones went from one of colonial Sydney’s wealthiest men to bankrupt but still made his mark on one of Sydney’s most colourful ‘hoods. In mid-July, therefore, he launched a massive attack on British aircraft and airfields with the intention of destroying Britain’s capacity to defend itself. Britain had no choice to abandon the Channel Islands because they were indefensible from a military point of view. Apr 18, 2017 #21 Why did they have little strategic importance? The Channel Islands are very close to the French Coast and Germany would have easily been able to maintain air supremacy. Because they were much closer to France than England? “We must recover the Falkland islands for Britain and for the people who live there who are of British stock,” Thatcher said in an April 5, 1982 interview with ITN. Ancient Britain was a peninsula until a tsunami flooded its land-links to Europe 8,000 years ago. In the summer of 1940 the British Isles stood isolated and alone facing the might of a seemingly unstoppable German war machine. Chaos prevailed in Guernsey, where locals arranged evacuation of the first 1900 schoolchildren, some with their mothers, others with schoolteachers. When France fell, the British decided not to defend the islands and offered evacuation to all residents who wanted it. sight of France but part of England since 1066, as Europe braced for German invasion in early 1940 the Channel Islands were still advertising as a summer holiday haven. Witness Ralph Mollet noted: “At 6.55pm on the 28th, three German planes flew over La Rocque (Jersey), machinegunning the district and dropping two 50kg H E bombs near the Harbour.” The planes then bombed Guernsey, killing 10 people and wounding many more. Some, like the Isles of Scilly, off Cornwall and Orkney, off Scotland, are part of the UK.. Nationwide News Pty Ltd © 2020. At 65sq km, Guernsey had about 40,000 people. There is evidence that the islands have been populated by humans for over 25,000 years. Dr Philip Sands Author of The British Channel Islands Under German Occupation 1940-45. Most was informal and passive, such as listening to forbidden radios or painting V-for-victory signs. As the British had recognized when they abandined them, they had no military significance. Thread starter betgo; Start date Apr 16, 2017; Tags british channel defend islands wwii; Home. The two bailiwicks have been administered separately since the late 13th century. British propaganda posters urged locals: “Don’t be yellow, stay at home”. But Colin Smith argues that we should not jump to conclusions-the Islands were unlike any other part of occ None among the 100,000 population on seven small islands foresaw events of June 1940, when Britain’s war cabinet voted to leave them to fend for themselves in the face of a German invasion. part of the UK? The island survived but it’s physical shape was altered for ever. History Themes. 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