Irene was eventually deposed by her finance minister. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. However, Charlemagne made no claim to the Byzantine Empire. When Constantine came of age, Irene attempted to … From 797 to 802 CE she ruled as emperor in her own right, the first woman to do so in Byzantine history. The strategos of the Bucellarian Theme, Tatzates, defected to the Abbasids, and Irene, in exchange for a three-year truce, had to agree to pay an annual tribute of 70,000 or 90,000 dinars to the Abbasids, give them 10,000 silk garments, and provide them with guides, provisions, and access to markets during their withdrawal. Irene was related to the noble Greek Sarantapechos family of Athens.Although she was an orphan, her uncle or cousin Constantine Sarantapechos was a patrician and was possibly strategos of the theme of Hellas at the end of the 8th century. The leader of this successful revolt against Irene replaced her on the Byzantine throne under the name Nicephorus I. Byzantine Empress Irene and Emperor Constantine VI. Irene of Athens was an orphan from a noble family, and was married to the son of the current emperor, Leo IV, in 768. Key Points. Unfortunately, the young emperor was not actually up to the task. During her lacklustre reign, Irene ruthlessly schemed and plotted to keep the throne she would lose and regain three times, but she is chiefly remembered for restoring the Christian veneration of icons, which her predecessors of the Isaurian dynasty had sought so vehemently to repress. When Leo died in 780, Irene became regent for their nine-year-old son, Constantine, who was too young to rule as emperor, thereby giving her administrative control over the empire. 801- Wedding of Empress Irene of Athens and Charlemagne, starting the union between Byzantium and the Carolingian Empire. Irene sent a fleet, which succeeded in defeating the Sicilians. Her son Constantine VI is made sole ruler. Byzantine Ivory Panel Depicting the Adoration of the Magi, by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA), In 797 CE Irene took back the throne for herself & blinded her son, doing so in the same purple chamber of the, by Metropolitan Museum of Art (Copyright). Books And Irene of Athens was anything but a common woman. English: Saint Irene (Greek: Ειρήνη, Eirēnē) (c. 752 – August 9, 803) was Byzantine empress from 797 to 802. Before that, Irene was empress consort from 775 to 780, and empress dowager and regent from 780 to 797. 790: Military revolt against the regency of Irene of Athens. Byzantine Ivory Panel Depicting the Adoration of the Magiby Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA). Empress Irene. Indeed, the Byzantine army and the defense of the empire was largely based on this obligation and the Anatolian farmers. Current Obituaries Athens Health. The iconodule (icon worship) policy drove these farmers out of the army, and thus off their farms. Irene was born in 752 to the House of Sarantapechos, the daughter of Theophylaktos Sarantapechos, and she married Emperor Leo IV of Byzantium. She was born in Blue Rock, Ohio, to Willis and Flossie (Dalton) Goins and was one of ten children. The second, convened at Nicaea in 787, formally revived the veneration of icons and reunited the Eastern Church with that of Rome. When Constantine V died in September 775, Leo succeeded to the throne at the age of twenty-five years. When Leo died in 780, Irene became regent for their nine-year-old son, Constantine, who was too young to rule as emperor, thereby … Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. https://www.ancient.eu/Empress_Irene/. From 797 to 802 CE she ruled as emperor in her own right, the first woman to do so in Byzantine history. Constantine could only flee for aid to the provinces, but even there participants in the plot surrounded him. Irene was always scared of loosing her new status, she knew that in order to secure her position she needed to bear a child a soon as possible, at age 19, she gave birth to her only son who was named Constantine VI in honor to his grand father Constantine V. There was not going to be another rebellion against her rule. Leo, though an iconoclast, pursued a policy of moderation towards iconodules, but his policies became much harsher in August 780, when a number of courtiers were punished for venerating icons. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Nov 9, 2014 - Captain Janeway was referred to as "Sir," despite clearly not being a man. Although it is often asserted that, as monarch, Irene called herself “emperor” rather than “empress,” in fact she used “empress” in most of her documents, coins, and seals. Born to the wealthy Sarantapechos family in Athens, Irene was an orphan raised by her uncle, Constantine Sarantapechos. Cartwright, Mark. Irene of Athens (c. 752-803 CE) was Byzantine empress from 797 to 802. Irene of Athens, Irene Sarantapechaina, 752-803, and son Constantinus, Konstantinus, 771-805. 792–793: Rebellion of the Armeniacs against the restoration of Irene of Athens as co-ruler by Constantine VI. Two monks were especially vociferous in their outrage at the emperor’s behaviour as head of the Church, Plato of Sakkoudion and Theodore of Stoudios, who both claimed that his divorce was illegal and so in marrying again the emperor had committed adultery. Ancient History Encyclopedia. 790: Military revolt against the regency of Irene of Athens. Irene was related to the noble Greek Sarantapechos family of Athens. Nevertheless, when Leo died on September 8, 780, Irene became regent for their nine-year-old son, Constantine, thereby giving her administrative control over the empire. A hollow semblance of friendship was maintained between Constantine and Irene, whose title of empress was confirmed in 792; however, the rival factions remained, and in 797, Irene, by cunning intrigues with the bishops and courtiers, organized a conspiracy on her own behalf. The wedding took place in 769 CE, and she immediately influenced state policy by tempering her husband’s attacks on the Church’s veneration of icons. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Empress_Irene/. Irene became to be the Empress in 797 and at that point Louis the Pious, Charlemagne´s successor was almost 20 years old. The former was logothetes tou dromou or chief minister with a wide range of powers. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Charlemagne did not attempt to rule Byzantium, but relations between the two empires remained difficult. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The first of these, held in 786 at Constantinople, was frustrated by the opposition of the iconoclast soldiers. In 800, Charlemagne was crowned emperor by Pope Leo III, on Christmas Day. While this greatly improved relations with the Papacy, it did not prevent the outbreak of a war with the Franks, who took over Istria and Benevento in 788. Leo’s short reign came to an end when he died of fever, aged 30, while campaigning against the Bulgars, but Irene’s appetite for power needed further feeding. She continued to take an interest in all matters of her empire: politics, warfare, and religion combined and tried to win favour by announcing reductions in taxes for her people. Irene of Athens from the Byzantine Empire was a ruthless power-hungry lady to say the least. Emperor Constantine V (r. 741-775 CE), holding an empire-wide beauty contest for the purpose, fished her from the obscurity of the provincial town that Athens had then become and arranged for her to marry his son, the future emperor Leo IV, who would reign from 775 to 780 CE. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Health Details: Athens Banner-Herald Recent Obituaries: All of Athens .Health Details: Joseph Gillespie, 93, of Athens passed away on December 24, 2020.Born on March 31, 1927, he was the son of the late Ulysses Grant Gillespie and Sarah Key. Soon after, Irene organized her own rebellion and eventually killed her son, thereby claiming sole rulership over the empire as empress, the first woman to have that title in the empire. Irene of Athens was the wife of the Byzantine Emperor Leo IV and mother of Constantine VI, both strong iconoclasts.She ruled jointly with her son, Constantine, after the death of her husband Leo. "Empress Irene." Having chosen Tarasios, one of her partisans and her former secretary, as Patriarch of Constantinople in 784, she summoned two church councils. Even though she brought some noteworthy changes to the empire like improving relations between the Orthodox Church and the Church of … As early as 781, Irene began to seek a closer relationship with the Carolingian Dynasty and the Papacy in Rome. However, the new approach to join the two families met fierce opposition, especially from the powerful eunuch Aetios in Constantinople. Lost to the West: The Forgotten Byzantine Empire That Rescued Western... Women in Purple: Rulers of Medieval Byzantium, Ravenna: Capital of Empire, Crucible of Europe, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. 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