World Championships held in Shanghai, China. 1890 with updates by the ITTF Museum, © Copyright 2020 - International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF),, Adaptation of lawn tennis to the dining table with improvised equipment, Slazenger patent, nets for games, mentions tennis on a table, James Devonshire (ENG) granted provisional patent for his “Table Tennis”, abandoned 1887.1, Several patents registered in England and the USA, Introduction of celluloid balls to replace rubber and cork ones. TENNIS History The French adapted the game of handball from Ireland and devised methods of protecting the hands by wrapping them with cords, wearing gloves, and eventually by using a paddle. A lowering of the net to 6 inches (15.24cm) encouraged more attacking style, and time limits imposed on matches. The Nov. 24, 1885 issue of the Journal shows Provisional Specifications were accepted. 1880s Game originated in England as an after-dinner parlour game played by the upper-class. Total triumph for China for the second time, winning seven gold medals, Beginning of the ITTF Pro Tour, with events taking place worldwide, After the Olympics in Sydney, the ball size is increased to 40mm for improved television viewing, Game score changed from 21 to 11 points World Championships held in Osaka, Japan. Duke correctly concludes that this “quite possibly is now the earliest known reference to a table version of tennis (and, importantly, accurately dated).” However, no evidence has been found that such a game was developed at that time. 2013 First 3-a-side table designed, manufactured and launched in London by T3 Ping Pong Ltd. 2014 T3 SuperMini bats and tables, both specially designed for 3-6 year olds, go into UK schools. 1902 Englishman James Gibb, brings celluloid balls to the table. A new Table Tennis Association was established in England in 1921. The 2022 World Table Tennis Championships Finals are also set to be incredibly memorable, as China emerged the successful candidate to stage the event, overcoming extremely stiff competition provided by Japan and Portugal, and the host nation – alongside 2021 hosts, USA – has a clear message to spread ahead of the event. Slazenger patent, nets for games, mentions tennis on a table: 1885: James Devonshire (ENG) granted provisional patent for his “Table Tennis”, abandoned 1887.1: 1890s Several patents registered in England and the USA Earliest surviving action game of table tennis: … Tennis is mentioned in literature as far back as the Middle Ages. Amazingly, the historical development of tennis dates back several thousands of years. In the latter case the poles are supported in brackets clamped to the table and the ends of the cord may be clamped by the cam arrangement, or fastenend under the table, or weighted.”. – T3 All weather table unveiled by City of London on Hampstead Heath. A table tennis blog that you will find it is useful for you. Thick sponge bat causes major controversies for the next several years. The game began in the 1880s, when lawn tennis players adapted their game to play indoors during the winter. The Table may be the main equipment required for playing ping-pong, but that is not the only thing required. However, these competing names caused some problems, as two associations were formed, and with different rules for the game some confusion resulted. International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) initiated in Berlin, Classic Hard Bat Era (European Dominance). 1988 Table tennis makes Olympic Games, (Seoul, Korea). In 1902, a university professor took the game back to Japan, where his university students got introduced to it. One rubber must be black, and another one must be red. Ping Pong, table tennis… The Table Tennis Association was reconstituted in 1922 and five years after, the English Table Tennis Associationwas adopted. Racquet / Paddle. The original association had broken up about 1905, though apparently the game continued to be played in parts of England outside London and by the … The sound generated in play gave the game its first name of ‘wiff-waff’. The rules are very brief (unlike those for the companion games of table cricket and football). Table tennis is believed to have been first played in a rather crude form in China some hundreds of years ago, but there is no doubt that the present game as we know it emanated from England where at the turn of the 20th century it was well established as both a sport and a parlor game. Total triumph for China for the third time, winning all of the seven gold medals, Implementation of the ITTF World Junior Circuit (U18) and World Cadet Challenge (U15 continental team competition), First ITTF World Junior Championships in Santiago, Chile, During the Olympic Games in Athens, Table Tennis ranked 5th among all sports for television viewing audience. Lawn Tennis board game by Singer (USA), another indication that the sport was very popular in the 1880s ITTF Museum. What we call the game of tennis took about a millennium to evolve into the game we know today. The Chinese athletes complete the collection with two gold medals in the team events, World Championships held in Zagreb, Croatia. This video shows the top 10 male table tennis players from 2001 to 2019. 1921 Table Tennis Association established. Earliest production use of the name Table Tennis. ITTF resumes activity; World Championships held in Paris, but, Age of Sponge Bat and Technology (Beginning of Asian Dominance), Nineteenth World Championships held in Bombay, India the first to be staged in Asia. I am Warren. Although there is some evidence that early forms of tennis were played in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, most historians agree that the sport originated in French monasteries around the year 1000. You can’t use the same color for these two rubbers. Sir Gawain, a knight of King Arthur's round table, plays tennis against a group of 17 giants in The Turke and Gowin (c. 1500).. Real tennis. The game was invented in England in the early days of the 20th century and was originally called Ping-Pong, a trade name. In 1921, the Table Tennis Association was founded, and in 1926 renamed the English Table Tennis Association. In this game the ball was struck with the hand. However, the lengthy time factor is a concern, as mentioned by renowned Jaques authority Michael Thomson (SCO).The 1887 catalog of George S. Parker (USA) includes an entry for “Table Tennis: This game is laid out like a Lawn Tennis court, played and counted just the same, all the rules being observed.” However, this was a board and dice game by J.H. Tennis. First Continental Federation founded December 12: South American Confederation. Game manufacturers tried many experiments to market an indoor version of Lawn Tennis, including board and dice games, Tiddledy Winks variations, card games, racket and balloon games and others. Total triumph again for China, winning all of the five gold medals. In 1921, the International Table Tennis Association was founded in England. None of the players were particularly accomplished at ping-pongthe U.S. mens team was ranked 24th in the world at the timeand most had been forced to beg or borrow the money to make it to the cha… The U.S. team was diverse, including everyone from the hippie Glenn Cowan to a college professor to a Guyanese immigrant to a pair of high school-age girls. 3156, dated 26 June 1883 (and likely months developing the idea before filing the Application), for improved nets for games. 1950s S.W Hancock Ltd. introduces rubber and sponge to bats. 1902 Englishman James Gibb, brings celluloid balls to the table. ITTF Museum. It was followed by the Fédération Internationale de Tennis de Table (International Table Tennis Federation), founded at a 1926 meeting in Berlin by England, Sweden, Hungary, India, … The beginning of the “open era” created the biggest tennis enterprise we have today. The History of Table Tennis – Topical talks. Ultimately the name Gossima was dropped. Players need a racquet or paddle and a ping-pong ball as well to go with the game. 1872: The first lawn tennis club in the world is formed in Leamington, Warwickshire 1873: Major Wingerfield invented the game called "Spharistike" introduced in to the UK 1875: The first rules for tennis published. The patent describes net post mechanisms, with this important statement: “This arrangement is adapted for ordinary lawn tennis, and for a modified game to be played indoors, say upon a billiard or dining table. Table tennis began in the 1880s when Tennis players adapted the game to be played indoors on a small scale. Neither of these action games were successful, due to the ineffective ball: the rubber ball had too wild a bounce, while the cork ball had too poor a bounce. China wins World Team Golds and all the Gold medals at the London Olympic Games, and 24 of a possible 28 Golds in 7 Olympic Games. If You're like me and You love table tennis, then You should know some facts about it. History of Tennis First Wimbledon Title. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. This can still be demonstrated today using the antique rackets! Renowned researcher Alan Duke (ENG) recently discovered an English patent by Ralph Slazenger, No. – T3 played in Switzerland for the first time. 1927 London holds world’s first international table tennis competition. HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT OF TABLE TENNIS - Relatively young sport, younger than lawn tennis and not much older than basketball. Japan’s entry to the international scene. a racket:composed of a blade and 2 rubbers. 2015 T3 played for the first time in Sweden and the USA. 1920 ‘Table Tennis’ officially used as the alternative to ping pong. Open tennis dissolved the... Tennis for everyone. This game borrowed the drum style battledores from the Shuttlecock game, and used a 50mm webbed wrapped cork ball, with an amazing 30cm high net that was secured by a belt-like strap under the table. Revival of the game in England & Europe, though laws varied. The USSR made their entry to the international scene, 1st Paralympic Games in Rome, included Table Tennis, First All-Africa Championships, Alexandria, Egypt, First Commonwealth Championships held in Singapore, First World University Championships held in Hanover, Germany, ITTF received formal declaration of its recognition by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), First European Championships for Paraplegics (wheelchair players) held in Stoke Mandeville, England, World Championships held in Nova Sad, Yugoslavia. We are a bunch of guys and some girls who love to play table tennis at one of our members' backyard. 1880s - Became fashionable among the upper class in England. In 1935, the American Ping Pong Association, the National Table Tennis Association and the US Amateur Table Tennis Association we… From 1988 until 2004, these were men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles and women's doubles. Lithograph segment, earliest known action game of tennis on a table: David Foster (ENG) 1890. Within a year, Wingfield's equipment sets had been sold for use in Russia, India, Canada, and China. Plastic balls used at World Championships & Olympics. It is thought that upper-class Victorians in England invented table tennis in the 1880s as a genteel, after-dinner alternative to lawn tennis, using whatever they could find as equipment. As the name Ping Pong caught on, Jaques changed the name of his game to “Gossima or Ping Pong” and soon afterward, to “Ping Pong or Gossima”. History of Tennis Timeline. Timeline of Table Tennis Milestones and his book, The Story of Table Tennis – the first 100 years In The Second Shepherds' Play (c. 1500) shepherds gave three gifts, including a tennis ball, to the newborn Christ. Volume XIX Now Available!!! Once again no evidence of Devonshire’s game, nor advertisement has been found; quite likely it was never put into production.One feasible scenario is that Jaques paid Devonshire for his idea, ultimately becoming the basis for Jaques’ Gossima, released in 1891. Foster’s rules, found at Cambridge University by Steve Grant (USA). 1887 - The first use of the name "Table Tennis" was used by J.H. Throughout the table tennis history, thanks to these athletes and the dedication of the ITTF over the past several decades, table tennis has seen nothing but increases in both participation and popularity, and there is no reason to believe the sport’s popularity will decline. Note rule 3, which mentions ‘Table Tennis’. A Brief History of Table Tennis (Ping-Pong) Early Origins of Table Tennis/Ping-Pong. The game was first intended to be played on a lawn, but eventually … Ancient woodcut showing jeu de paume game, published in 1576. 1901 Hamley’s of Regent Street, then a sports manufacturer, was the first to manufacture a racket for wiff waff. World Championship changes to a two-year cycle, First European Championships, Budapest, Hungary. The Lawn Tennis game featured strung rackets, a 30mm cloth covered rubber ball, a wooden fence set up around the perimeter of the table, and large side nets extending along both sides. Spectacular, played today on all kinds of surfaces by tens of millions of people, for fun or in competition, tennis has spread all over the world. After J.M. They rigorously enforced the Ping Pong trademark, requiring use of their Ping Pong equipment in Ping Pong tournaments and clubs. Advertisements. Like many other sports, Table Tennis began as a mild social diversion. Dubai Duty Free Tennis 2020 ... A timeline of key milestones in UAE history. Designed and codified in England in the 1870s, it is the direct descendant of jeu de paume, invented in France in the 11 th century. This remains the association that regulates ping pong in different tournaments worldwide till date. 1946 ITTF (International Table Tennis Federation) established. - Indoor Tennis was played in the early 1880s by British Army officer in India and South Africa using lids from cigar boxes as paddles and rounded cork from wine bottles as balls with row of books set up across the Tim Boggan's History of U.S. Table Tennis. ITTF currently includes 220 member associations. World Championships held in Bremen, Germany. Jaques continued to advertise Gossima throughout the 1890s, but it was not until c.1900, when the celluloid ball was introduced to the game, that the concept of tennis on a table became successful. Table Tennis - Equipment. HISTORY OF TABLE TENNIS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA. 2000 Ball size increased from 38mm to 40mm to slow down the game. Total triumph number five for China, winning all of the five gold medals, China sweeps the Team championships in Guangzhou, Table Tennis is part of the first Youth Olympic Games. Around 1898 the English sports company John Jaques & Son were manufacturing the first table tennis sets and popularising the game. One year later famous game makers Jaques of London released their GOSSIMA game. Though Table Tennis evolved, along with Badminton and Lawn Tennis, from the ancient game of Tennis (also known as Jeu de Paume, Real tennis, Court Tennis or Royal Tennis), the game was developed after Lawn Tennis became popular in the 1880s. The white belt was used to secure the large wood net fixtures to the table. Steve Grant (Ping Pong Fever, 2012, USA) found mention of one James Devonshire (ENG), who John Jaques claimed invented Table Tennis in a 1901 interview published in The Echo. In 1874, Major Walter C. Wingfield registered his patent in London for the equipment and rules of an outdoor lawn tennis that is generally considered the first version of what we play today. The Ping-Pong Association which was formed then later became The Table Tennis Association in 1922. Now widely regarded as the first video game to achieve serious commercial success, Atari’s 1972 release Pong allowed two people to play a basic game of table tennis on a black screen. Table tennis was becoming more popular by 1901 to the extent that tournaments were being organized, books being written on the subject, and an unofficial world championship was to be held in 1902. Previous Page. Table tennis has been an Olympic sport since 1988, with several event categories. Ping Pong was trademarked in 1900 by Hamley Brothers in England, and soon afterwards Hamleys became “jointly concerned” with Jaques. China entered the World Championships for the first time. The name table tennis was adopted in 1921–22 when the old Ping-Pong Association formed in 1902 was revived. This results in the longest rally ever in a … Eventually it became clear that for the sport to move forward, the commercial ties had to be severed. Parker Brothers, who acquired the American rights to the name Ping Pong, similarly enforced the trademark. Eventually this sport found its way to other parts of the world. with thanks to the late Ron Crayden (ENG) Table tennis is governed by the worldwide organization International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), founded in 1926. A line of books would often be the net, the rounded top of a champagne cork would be the ball and occasionally a cigar box lid would be a racket. The celluloid ball had the perfect bounce, and the game became a huge success, Table Tennis Association and rival Ping Pong Association formed in England; amalgamated in 1903, Ping Pong craze fades, some pockets of popularity in eastern Europe continue. –  ITTF confirms all their sanctioned and World Title events will now be played using plastic composite balls not traditional celluloid balls. So, people who are involve in historical researches of this great sport claim to have found evidence of playing tennis in ancient Greece culture. Steve Grant has traced the name Ping Pong to an 1884 song by Harry Dacre. The Marylebone Cricket Club made significant changes to … 2009 First Triples tournament held in Wollongong, Australia. The early years. In January 1887 the Application is listed as Abandoned. 1996 ITTF Women’s World Cup first held. ITTF Museum. The distinct sound of the celluloid ball bouncing off the drum rackets quickly led to the use of the same name. These officers are supposed to have used cigar box lids as paddles, rounded... 1920's-1950's: Classic Hard Bat Era / Europe Dominates the Sport. Meanwhile, the game had spread to the United States in the 1870s. 1979 Triples Table Tennis invented by Professor Günter Arndt. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. 1926 International Table Tennis Associations established around the world. The longest rally took place, the first point taking over two hours due to pushing style play. 1968 The English Schools’ Table Tennis Association (ETTA) was formed in 1968 to give structure to competitive school table tennis which was on the increase throughout the country. One of 2 known examples. European Youth Championships held in The Hague, Holland, Modern Olympics Era (Chinese Reign with few exceptions), For the very first time, table tennis was featured in the Olympic Games, held in Seoul, South Korea, A United North & South Korea team won the Corbillon Cup at the World Championships in Chiba, Japan, Former World champion, Jan-Ove Waldner (SWE) became Olympic singles champion and reputedly, the first table tennis millionaire, World Championships held in Tianjin, China. The sound created by these hard bats gave the game its next name ‘ping-pong’. The History of tennis game was developed from a 12th century French handball game called \"Paume\" (palm). The earliest surviving action game of Tennis on a table is a set made by David Foster, patented in England in 1890 (No.11037): Parlour Table Games, which included table versions of Lawn Tennis, Cricket and Football. 1930 Table tennis banned in the Soviet Union for 30 years as it was believed to be bad for your eyes. Subsequently Alan Duke found in The Official Journal of the Patent Office that: Rare board & dice game, “Table Tennis” by J.H.Singer 1887. 1. Singer (NY), whose name also appears on the catalog. 1921 Table Tennis Association established. Historians believe that the name 'tennis' came f… Since 2008, a team event has been played instead of the doubles. History. 1920 ‘Table Tennis’ officially used as the alternative to ping pong. After some time \"Paume\" game produced han… ITTF Museum. 1990 ITTF Para Table Tennis World Championships first held. The developments of this mediaeval sport, originally practised with bare hands, like the invention of the racket in the 16 th century and the … The historic visit began on April 10, 1971, when 15 American table tennis players, team officials and spouses crossed a bridge from Hong Kong into China. They used rackets (bats / paddles) with velum stretched over an outer casing (similar to a small drum) attached to a handle. First World Championship held outside Europe: Cairo, Egypt, Due to World War II the ITTF suspended activities, & no World Championships were held. Next Page . Steve also discovered that Foster patented his game compendium in Canada. Less than 10 years later, the first World Championships were also held there. The game quickly caught on with the public, marketed under many different names: Gradually the two most popular names prevailed: Ping Pong, and Table Tennis. It was probably played with improvised equipment in England, during the last quarter of the 19th century. 1903 E.C Goode puts reinforced rubber on bat handles. Tenth World Championships held in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Singer in a board and dice game. Jaques (ENG) GOSSIMA, 1891, with 50mm ball, 30cm high net, vellum drum rackets. 1971 US team allowed to enter China, the first official Americans since the communist takeover in 1949. 1890s - Parker Brothers began making an indoor tennis kit that included a portable net, a small ball covered in netting, and paddles. Only 2 examples are known to have survived. Like most other sports, table tennis had humble beginnings as a “parlor game,” open to anyone with access to a table, paddle, and ball. 1903 E.C Goode puts reinforced rubber on bat handles. The monks played a game called name je de paume, 'game of the hand,' in which they used their hand to hit a wooden ball over a rope stretched across the courtyard. One year later (1926), the International Table Tennis Federation was formed. Suzanne Lenglen, the first tennis sensation wins the Wimbledon Ladies Championships title, first... Open Era. Total triumph for China, whose athletes win all of the seven gold medals. 1926 International Table Tennis Associations established around the world. Heathcote, a distinguished real tennis player, developed a better tennis ball of rubber covered with white flannel, the MCC in 1875 established a new, standardized set of rules for tennis. Devonshire applied for a Patent on October 9, 1885 for his “Table Tennis”. 2. he table tennis official rules are specified in the ITTF handbook. Ping-Pong is a trademark name for … As early as 1901, tournaments started holding with about 300 players. I love to share things related to table tennis in this blog. First World Veterans’ Championships held in Gothenburg, Sweden. The American rights to the Table Tennis players adapted their game to be severed Olympic games (! 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